General Information About Leh
The home to freezing winds and blazing hot sunlight, a frozen desert in the rain shadow of the remarkable Great Himalayas – Embrace the place, Ladakh. Little Tibet’ or, ‘the moon land’ or ‘the last Shangri La’ these are all names that have been transmitted to the cold dry and harsh land of Ladakh. Slight rain and snow reach this dry area, where nature has created an improbable landscape. Ladakh is enclosed by two of the world’s most majestic mountain ranges, the Great Himalayas and the Karakoram. This estate is entirely different from the green panorama of many parts of the Himalayas.
About Leh Location
Ladakh region forms a part of the kingdom of Jammu and Kashmir in India, and is built of a couple of administrative districts – Leh and Kargil. It incorporates a total area of about 59,000 square kilometres and is associated ethnologically and geologically with the Tibet region of China; the area has a majority Lamaist Buddhist community as it was nominally a province of Tibet.
About Leh Weather
The climate in Leh is notably arid, with barely 90mm of rain a year. There prevail only two stellar seasons in Leh: summer (March to September) and winter (October to February). The first summer, upto May, is scorching and arid with temperatures usually wavering around 33 °C and seldom as high as 40 °C. Wintertime temperatures are consistently below 0 °C, and there is rare snowfall. This place, to sum up, experiences a cold desert climate that features harsh and long winter.
Leh Culture and History
Ladakh’s culture, economy, and society include many aspects. Ladakh’s next-door-neighbours include Tibet in the east, by the Xinjiang province of China, Pakistan in the north, Kashmir in the west and Lahaul and Spiti valleys of Himachal Pradesh in the south. All these areas have changed the culture and society that has been created in Ladakh over the years to the present day. Along the long-built trade routes through Tibet, Central Asia, Kashmir and the plains of northern India, ideas and goods were exchanged and extended in the past. Despite its harsh region and remoteness from urban centres, Ladakh has long been a spot where people, trade, and cultures mixed and its art forms, therefore, display characteristics from many other places.
Ladakh’s earliest settlers were nomadic yak herders, but permanent settlements were built along the Indus by Buddhist pilgrims visiting India and Mt Kailash in Tibet. Buddhism soon became the predominant religion, though the minority Brokpa tribe yet follows Monism: the religion that preceded Buddhism in Tibet. By the 9th century, Ladakh’s Buddhist kings had built a kingdom extending all the way from Kashmir to Tibet, defended by forts and dotted with huge Buddhist gompas. Simultaneously, Muslim armies began to penetrate Ladakh from the west. In the 16th century, the province dropped momentarily to Ali Mir of Balistan, but Buddhism came back underneath Singge Namgyal, who established a new capital at Leh.
Leh Shanti Stupa
Leh Shanti Stupa is a major attraction; the serenity of this place is unmatchable. An epitome of peace, the Shanti Stupa in Leh will occupy your senses with recreation and enchanting silence.
You also cannot afford to miss the 17th century Leh Palace. It is at a few minutes walking distance from the Leh Market and has a unique charm in it. Reach on top of this beautiful palace, partly renovated from ruins and experience the views of the lovely valleys.
The age old Spituk Monastery dating back to 11th century, situated in Leh town, Exhibits a beautiful statue of Mata Kali. It was endowed by Od-de as a section of the Red Hat sect. Later on, this beautiful monastery was acquired over by the Yellow Hat sect.
Sangam Valley is a 48-kilometer driveway from Leh and is the conflux of the outpourings of the rivers Indus and Zanskar. Just the picture of Sangam Valley from the terrace above it can make you swoon in delight.
The Alchi Monastery was constructed within the ages 958 and 1055. The paintings inside the monastery are incredibly beautiful and represent the lives of both Hindus and Buddhists of a thousand years ago.
About Leh Transport Connectivity
Indian Airlines operates three flights in a week between Leh and Delhi, two flights in a week from Jammu and once in a week from Srinagar. Jet Airways also has six flights in a week between Leh and Delhi and Go Air functions daily Between Leh and Delhi. The most economical way to explore the region is by public buses, which move on fixed routes according to fixed time schedules. The easiest and comfortable mode of travel, however, is by taxi, which is available for hire on a fixed distance wise tariff.